In various examinations there are questions asked regarding the population of the country and candidates should know some of the useful details about the population of the county. It will help them achieve good marks in the examination. It is also asked in Banking in SSC Railways and UPSC etc. candidates should study the details given below carefully and it is going to help them in their understanding about the population of the country. To estimate the population of the country, government of India organizes census in each 10 years to track the growth of population in the country. The population has been increasing and it has the highest population in the world next to China. If the growth rate of the population remains the same it will outperform China in the next few years. therefore the stress should be on reducing the population of the country so standard of living of the masses may be raised.Important points for population of India.
Important point regarding population of India
- According to Census 2011, India’s population stood at 1,21,01,93,422.
- India’s population as on 1 March 2001 stood at 1,028 million (532.1 million males and 496.4 million females).
- India’s population grew by 18,14,55,986 (17.64%) at the rate of 1.64% per annum in the decade 200111. India has land mass of 2.4% of the total and mass but its population is more than 17.5% of the total population of the world.
- India’s population with respect to world
- Growth of India in population in decade 2001-11 is slightly lower than the population of Brazil.
- China’s decadal growth is 0.53% against India’s 1.64%. India is going to overtake China in terms of population by the year 2030.
- Three most populous countries of the world are China (1.34 billion), India (1.21 billion) and USA (308.7 million) account for 40% population of the world.
- If added, India’s population alone is equal to the combined population of U.S.A., Indonesia, Brazil, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan.
- Population of Indian states and union territories
- Among the Indian states, Uttar Pradesh is the most populated state with a population of 19,95,81,477 and Sikkim is the least populated state with a population of 6,07,688.
- The states in the ranking of their population followed by UP are Maharashtra (11,23,72,972), Bihar (10,38,04,637), West Bengal (9,13,47,736) and Andhra Pradesh (8,46,65,533) respectively.
- Among the Union Territories, Delhi is the most populated UT with a population of 1,67,53,235 and Lakshdweep is the least populated UT with a population of 64,429.
- If compared the population of Delhi alone greater than Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Mizoram and Manipur
- The second most populated UT is Puducherry with a population of 12,44,464 followed by Chandigarh with a population of 10,54,686.
Population in terms of Density
- The population density of India is 382 persons per square kilometre while it was 325 persons in 2001.
- Population density was only 77 persons per sq. km in 1901 for India.
- The state with highest density of population is Bihar with a population of 1102 persons per square kilometre.
- The state with lowest density of population is Arunachal Pradesh with a population of 17 persons per square kilometre.
- The UT with highest density of population is Delhi with a population of 11,297 persons per square kilometre.
- The UT with lowest density of population is Andaman and Nicobar Islands with a population of 46 persons per square kilometre.
- The district with highest density of population is North East Delhi with a population of 37346 persons per square kilometre.
- The UT with lowest density of population is Lahaul and Spiti (Himachal Pradesh) with a population of 2 persons per square Km.
population in terms of literacy:
- The overall literacy rate of the country according to census 2011 is 74.04%. it was 65% in the year 2001.
- The literacy rate for males is 82.14% and for the females it is 65.46%
- Kerala ranks first in terms of literacy rate with 93.91% followed by Mizoram with 91.58% of literacy rates.
- Bihar ranks last in terms of literacy rate with 63.82% of literacy rate. The next state in lowest literacy is Rajasthan with 67.06% literacy.